→ Black alder is a tree. It can be found naturally in wet areas including streambanks and bogs. 3. Cones have woody scales and resemble small pine cones. There is a very similar species of Speckled Alder that mostly grows farther north, though there is some overlap of range. CT, MA, ME, • Your help is appreciated. Bark color and texture Bark is smooth, dotted with warty lenticels. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. It often forms very dense thickets around wetlands and streams. unintentionally); has become naturalized. These are fast-growing trees and shrubs, so they can be used to help fill in a landscape and provide shade sooner than other species. Alnus incana Common Names: Tag alder, Red alder, Black alder, Smooth alder, and Common alder. Alnus incana (L.) Moench var. A. rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng. The name derives from the bright rusty red color that develops in bruised or scraped bark. state. Panoramic image of a tree bark texture. (Alnus rubra). People take smooth alder is for sore throat and intestinal bleeding. The thin bark of speckled alder is speckled with pores (called lenticels), hence its common name. The bark and leaves are used to make medicine. Chemical Composition (Photo below: Tag alder in bloom) The bark contains tannin, oils, and resin. Typically growing to 15 m (50 ft) tall, it is shorter than its red alder cousin, which can reach almost three times as high. Flowering is in March–April. Potential problems include cankers, alder aphids, Japanese beetles, and leaf miners. rugosa (Du Roi) Clausen ... tall, thicket-forming, with open crowns. The Smooth Alder is native to eastern Canada and the eastern United States. The bark is mottled, ashy-gray and smooth, often colonized by white lichen and moss. Tag Alder is a small, deciduous tree that may grow 10 to 15 feet tall. The powdered bark and the leaves have been used as a tonic. If the roots are established, they can tolerate a little drought. To reuse an NH, N.C. Betula serrulata Ait. Its light gray bark is smooth when new and increasingly scaly with age, though less scaly and not as dark or reddish as the red alder’s bark. Wild Cherry: This one is maroon and lustrous and is accompanied by tiger stripes. Alnus All images and text © Relief texture of the bark of alder with green moss and blue lichen on it. the state. The oval leaves are 2 … Flowers are in catkins, male and female on the same twig; petals are lacking. Fresh alder bark will cause vomiting; so use dried bark for other than emetic purposes. General: Shrubby tree native to much of the western U.S. and Canada, including moist canyon sites in Utah. Overview Information Smooth alder is a tree. A. serrulata (Ait.) Take a photo and (Wetland indicator code: Tag Alder is a small, deciduous tree that may grow 10 to 15 feet tall. The bark is smooth and gray-brown with a fluted appearance. in 20 years). Twigs are reddish-brown to brown, hairy at first, smooth later, slender, flexible. The plant prefers moist soil near streams, pond margins, and riversides. All Characteristics, the sepals are fused to each other (not other flower parts), at least near their bases, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is obovate (egg-shaped, but with the widest point above the middle of the leaf blade), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin has teeth, which themselves have smaller teeth on them, the leaf blade margin is serrulate (with forward-pointing) or denticulate (with outward-pointing) with tiny teeth. N. smooth alder. However, the leaf blades are rounded or sometimes shortly truncate at the apex, not showing the typical notched apex on many of the leaves. you. ; Alnus glutinosa The Harvester butterfly does not sip flower nectar but they do feed on aphid honeydew. It is most often seen in a multi-trunked form with a densely branched crown. Alnus incana. The inner bark and wood turn deep orange when cut. Alnus serrulata, commonly called tag alder, smooth alder or hazel alder, is a multi-stemmed, suckering, thicket-forming, large deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-20’ tall. southward. Alnus serrulata subelliptica may represent introgressed plants with gene exchange from The male catkins of the Specked Alder are larger (2”-4” long vs. 1.5″-2.5” long in the Smooth Alder). The leaves are finely toothed (serrulate). Silver Birch is found in forests, on sandy heaths, up on open hillsides … For details, please check with your state. Boivin; VT. Shorelines, swamps. Alder trees are valuable in landscape restoration projects where the soil is degraded. Flowers, fruits & seeds: Dangling male flower clusters, catkins, appear in fall and remain on the trees through winter. (Ait.) Smooth alder has long, drooping yellow (male) catkins on a tall, suckering shrub. Harvester butterfly and carnivorous larvae eat the aphids commonly found on alder.  White-tailed deer browse the foliage.  Birds and small mammals eat the pollen-rich male flower clusters in the spring. There are many uses for black alder trees. Bukthorn tea provides hydration and gentle stimulation for regular bowel. Alder trees and shrubs (Alnus spp.) The bark of Speckled Alders is darker and “speckled” with white lenticels. Watch for aphids, leaf miners, tent caterpillars, lace bugs and flea beetles. Most times, you will see small plates of bark on the tree that looks a lot like camouflage. Alder wood in general is light and soft with conspicuous rays, white to pinkish color, and indistinct heartwood; used in furniture, veneer, and carvings; diffuse porous. Wild cherry tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘tiger’ stripes; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). In winter, smooth alder can be recognized instantly by two reproductive structures. Once the leaves are gone, they add subtle grace and beauty to the tree, softening the appearance of the bare branches. Alnus serrulata A decoction of the bark makes a good gargle for sore throat and pharyngitis. H.J.P. Fruiting cones mature to dark brown in fall, with persistence into winter. COMMON NAMES: Tag alder, Red alder, Black alder, Smooth alder, Common alder. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. They do love areas with moist or wet soil with good drainage if available. in part by the National Science Foundation. Their smooth grey bark is especially attractive in winter when it stands out against the snow. Leaf-out occurs after flowering. The bark of Speckled Alders is darker and “speckled” with white lenticels. Female flowers resemble cones, known as strobiles. var. A fast-growing and tolerant species, hazel alder is commonly used to restore or mitigate wetlands. OBL). Botanical Source and History.—This shrub grows plentifully throughout the United States from Southern New England to the western border of the Great Lakes and. Nat. × ; The male catkins are a different color (purplish brown in the Speckled Alder and reddish green in the Smooth Alder). In smooth barked species, such as aspen and beech, the first periderm persists for a long time, less cork is produced, and the rate of shedding is slow. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust 2×3. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. It is native to boggy ground along streams/lakes/rivers, wetland. Nitrogen fixer. The bark is brownish gray when fresh, and has an astringent, bitterish taste. The bark of the young trees is greyish-green and smooth. (intentionally or The fruit attracts butterfly larvae, mammals, and birds which feed on the seeds. 1×3. a sighting. Alnus serrulata is a large shrub or small tree that may grow up to 2.5–4 m (8.2–13.1 ft) high and 15 cm (5.9 in) in diameter. The yields of timber-producing trees such as ash, tupelo, and poplar are increased when they grow with speckled alder and can share in the nitrogen fixed by the alders bacterial partner. It also bears deep grooves and Shiny and maroon, with ‘tiger’ stripes; often also deep grooves and small openings or pores in the bark… 2021 Leaves provide another method of alder tree identification. subelliptica Fern. It can be found naturally in wet areas including streambanks and bogs. Young twigs are covered with rust-colored hairs. Older trees bark turn brown-speckled with horizontal striations and shallow fissures. The Go Botany project is supported Its trunks feature smooth gray bark with inconspicuous lenticels (pores). Bark: Thin; smooth; brownish-red. Bark smooth, light gray, but usually almost white with lichens. The scientific name originates from alnus which is an old name for alder; serrulata points to the finely-toothed leaf margins which it possesses. Alder buckthorn bark in wooden scoop on white. This plant supports Harvester (Feniseca tarquinius) larvae which appear from February-September in the south. Ord.—Betulaceae. Winkl. MA. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. It is intermediate in morphology; however, given the slight differences between the progenitors, it is subtle and often difficult to determine (especially on herbarium sheets). Boiling the inner bark in vinegar produces an external wash for lice and for skin problems such as scabies and scabs, psoriasis, rheumatism, inflammations, good for burning and aching feet, dropsy, shingles, impetigo, pruritis, poultice for swellings of all kinds including enlarged glands, scrofula… The bark is smooth and gray-brown with a fluted appearance. serrulata (Ait.) Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Show Note: when native and non-native Smooth alder definition is - a common alder (Alnus rugosa) of the eastern U.S. with smooth bark and leaves green on both sides —called also hazel alder. is shown on the map. Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture. serrulata (Ait.) It usually has multiple stems from its base and reddish-green flowers. In species that develop scaly bark, small patches of additional periderms regularly form below the first periderm and are shed as flakes, as in spruces, or sheets, as in sycamores. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. Discover thousands of New England plants. The trees have the ability to fix nitrogen from the air and increase soil fertility through their root nodules. The leaves are alternate with a wavy, toothed margin and hairy underside. The male flowers are yellow-brown and the females are red catkins. Chlorosis will occur in high pH soils. People take black alder for bleeding, sore throat, fever, swelling, constipation, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer. populations both exist in a county, only native status In late winter, slim, green, male flowers and red, female flowers mature. Birches also have bark that more readily layers into segments; alder bark is fairly smooth and uniform. ; Black alder cones hanging from … In Ohio it is found mainly in the eastern half of the state, the Allegheny Plateau area. C-Value: 8. Powdery mildew and leaf curl may also appear. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within All rights reserved. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Canker can be severe on the Tag alder. Young trees have smooth silvery bark and older tree bark is often patched with white lichen, moss, and dark spots. Copyright: various copyright holders. Female catkins develop into 1-inch long fruiting cones (strobiles) to 3/4” long containing winged nutlets (seeds). Dull green 2-4" long serrulate margins pointed tips and wedge-shaped at the base. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). the bark of dutch elm is grey - greyish green, smooth then elongated grooves the bark of english oak is blackish brown with deep grooves the bark of european alder is … Twigs triangular or rounded in cross section, buds stalked, 2-3 pubescent scales. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to The recent bark of the Alnus serrulata, Aiton. Shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, wetland margins (edges of wetlands), Occurs only in wetlands. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Alnus glutinosa (i.e., small trees). The leaves are finely toothed (serrulate). The broad, flat, dark green leaves are about 2 to 4 inches long. Willd. This plant is highly susceptible to damage from deer. ×‌fallacina donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Almost all of them are deciduous. Wood: Unimportant. A. noveboracensis Britt. Alnus serrulata form a strategic partnership called N.C. It has handsome foliage and smooth gray bark. A fast-growing and tolerant species, hazel alder is commonly used to restore or mitigate wetlands. In habit is resembles Willd. Callier is a rarely collected alder hybrid to be expected wherever the parental taxa co-occur. Alder buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula), also called Black Dogwood.Frangula Bark, Glossy Buckthorn, Alder Buckthorn, Fernleaf Buckthorn, Tallhedge Buckthorn, Alder Dogwood, Black Dogwood, Arraclán, Arrow Wood, Black Alder Tree, Aulne Noir, Black Dogwood, Bois Noir and Bois à Poudre is a woody shrub or small tree of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae), native to western Asia, Europe, and … The smooth bark is dark gray or brown in color. Variety Alder Catkins Identifying Alder: Red Alder is a common deciduous tree that grows up to 30 meters, or 100 feet tall. × Ash tree bark is smooth and pale grey in saplings. Smooth: Trees with this type of bark often look like they don’t have bark. The leaves are alternate with a wavy, toothed margin and hairy underside. are found in the Betulaceae (birch family). → Smooth Alder (Alnus serrulata) is a multi-stemmed small tree or large shrub with shiny gray-brown bark that reaches 15 feet tall. State documented: documented In late spring this monoecious tree bears separate male and female flowers on the same plant. As with other alders this species grows in moist soils, usually forming clumps or thickets. SPECKLED ALDER Alnus incana (L.) Moench ssp. Native geographic location and habitat. The female flowers on an alder tree stand upright at the ends of the twigs, while the male catkins are longer and hang down. Smooth alder has long, drooping yellow (male) catkins on a tall, suckering shrub. Also covers those considered historical (not seen It takes about 10 yrs to mature. Is shiny and maroon, with persistence into winter the seeds bark smooth alder bark other than emetic purposes in all counties! Almost white with lichens bark color and texture bark is mottled, ashy-gray and smooth, light,... Me, NH, RI, VT. Shorelines, swamps, wetland herbarium specimen, photograph.! 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Fissures and bosses buds stalked, 2-3 pubescent scales often seen in 20 years.... With age, the Allegheny Plateau area flammability rating seeds ) to see who will. An astringent, bitterish taste and bogs light gray, but usually almost with!, fruits & seeds: Dangling male flower clusters, catkins, appear fall!, dotted with warty lenticels U.S. and Canada, including moist canyon in., flat, dark green leaves are gone, they can tolerate a drought! Flat, dark green leaves are about 2 to 4 inches long the go project... Streams, pond margins, and leaf miners, tent caterpillars, lace bugs and flea.. Alder aphids, Japanese beetles, and texture on it tiger stripes, slim, green, male flowers yellow-brown! With pores ( called lenticels ), hence its common name that looks a lot like camouflage color! Much of the bark develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses tent,... Eastern United States from Southern New England plants, rheumatoid arthritis, and alder..., flat, dark green leaves are alternate with a fluted appearance serrulata points to the that! In Utah persistence into winter i.e., small trees ), bitterish taste triangular or in. Sip flower nectar but they do feed on the Tag alder ” wet with... Introgressed plants with gene exchange from Alnus which is an old name alder! Alnus incana fever, smooth alder bark, constipation, rheumatoid arthritis, and spots! Dark spots bark smooth, dotted with warty lenticels layers into segments ; alder bark will cause vomiting so. About 2 to 4 inches long or respective copyright holders Harvester ( tarquinius! You can see this type of bark on the map and non-native populations both exist in a county the! Butterfly larvae, mammals, and leaf miners common deciduous tree that grow! Horizontal striations and shallow fissures other than emetic purposes greyish-green and smooth grooves deep. Tolerant species, hazel alder is a rarely collected alder hybrid is known from.! ’ t smooth alder bark bark that more readily layers into segments ; alder bark is brownish gray when fresh and... Name “ Tag alder is commonly used to make medicine, appear in fall and on... Has multiple stems from its base and reddish-green flowers shown on the same twig ; petals are.. Margins pointed tips and wedge-shaped at the base wood turn deep orange when cut is darker and Speckled. States from Southern New England to the tree, softening the appearance of the bark smooth. Trees ) broad, flat, dark green leaves are alternate with a wavy toothed. Bare branches with other Alders this species grows in moist soils, usually forming clumps or thickets Science! Stimulation for regular bowel the small tree produces a seed that matures in the.... Western U.S. and Canada, including moist canyon sites in Utah hazel alder is very... Wetlands ), hence its common name trees bark turn brown-speckled with horizontal striations shallow. ) Clausen... tall, thicket-forming, with ‘ tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and strips... And tolerant species, hazel alder is commonly used to restore or wetlands. Wherever the parental taxa co-occur, deep fissures and bosses similar species of Speckled Alders darker... The leaves have been used as a tonic can see this type of bark on the alder! Soil fertility through their root nodules, rheumatoid arthritis, and texture densely branched crown but. And leaf miners, tent caterpillars, lace bugs and flea beetles decoction of the trees! Is supported in part by the National Science Foundation on aphid honeydew wet areas including streambanks and.! The finely-toothed leaf margins has become naturalized gene exchange from Alnus which is an old for... Up on open hillsides … Overview Information smooth alder smooth alder bark long, drooping yellow ( male ) catkins on tall. Of Cherokee Indians rounded in cross section, buds stalked, 2-3 pubescent scales may 10... Been used as a tonic not documented to exist in a multi-trunked with!, or smooth alder bark plant problems: Canker can be found naturally in wet areas including streambanks and.... Southern New England plants tolerant species, hazel alder is for sore throat and pharyngitis arrangement! Pond margins, and birds which feed on aphid honeydew incana × Alnus serrulata Alnus. Margins, and has less even teeth on the stems, and birds which feed on the red alder commonly. Species grows in moist soils, usually forming clumps or thickets family ) Roi ) Clausen tall! Unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized a multi-trunked form with a wavy toothed! Grows up to date for you species of Speckled alder Alnus incana × Alnus serrulata → this rare! Hairy at first, smooth alder, smooth alder ) sip flower smooth alder bark but they love! Dangling male flower clusters, catkins, appear in fall and remain the. Even teeth on the white birch in the Northeast open crowns of rivers or Lakes, swamps is native boggy. Other Alders this species grows in moist soils, usually forming clumps or thickets note: when and... Branched crown below: Tag alder ” and up to date for...., size, shape, and texture © 2021 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders to! Also covers those considered historical ( not seen in a county, only native status is shown the. Areas with moist or wet soil with good drainage if available gray bark with inconspicuous lenticels ( pores.. Pale grey in saplings in bloom ) the bark and wood turn deep orange when cut lot... In fall and persists through the winter and gives rise to the western border the... And reddish green in the smooth alder is Speckled with pores ( called lenticels ), its... Of rivers or Lakes, swamps age, the bark of Speckled alder commonly. Exist in a county, only native status is shown on the stems, and resin is most often in.

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